Surveillance imaging in pediatric ependymoma

TitleSurveillance imaging in pediatric ependymoma
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsKlawinski, D., Indelicato D. J., Hossain M. J., & Sandler E.
JournalPediatric blood & cancer
Date Published2020 Aug 03
Keywordsdetection; Ependymoma; Prognosis; relapse; surveillance; Survival

BACKGROUND: Management of pediatric patients with ependymoma includes posttreatment surveillance imaging to identify asymptomatic recurrences. However, it is unclear whether early detection translates into improved survival. The objective was to determine whether detection of ependymoma relapses on surveillance imaging translates into a survival benefit.
PROCEDURE: Patients with ependymoma aged <21 years at diagnosis treated in the Nemours' Children's Health System between January 2003 and October 2016 underwent chart review. Relapsed patients' charts were assessed for details of initial therapy, surveillance imaging regimen, details of relapse including detection and therapy, and outcome. Median follow up of the entire cohort was 6.5 years from diagnosis and 3.5 years from relapse.
RESULTS: Ninety of 198 (45%) patients experienced relapse with 61 (68%) detected by surveillance imaging and 29 (32%) detected based on symptoms. Five-year OS in the surveillance group was 67% (confidence interval [CI] 55-82%, SE 0.1) versus 51% (CI 35-73%, SE 0.19) in the symptoms group (P = .073). From relapse, the 3-year OS in the surveillance group was 62% (CI 50-78%, SE 0.11) versus 55% (CI 39-76%, SE 0.17) in the symptoms group (P = .063) and the 3-year SPFS was 45% (CI 33-61%, SE 0.16) in the surveillance group versus 32% (CI 19-55%, SE 0.27) in the symptoms group (P = .028).
CONCLUSION: Surveillance imaging may identify recurrences in patients when they are more amenable to salvage therapy, resulting in superior 3-year SPFS, but given limited salvage options for children with recurrent ependymoma, the survival advantage of frequent surveillance imaging in asymptomatic patients remains ambiguous.

Alternate JournalPediatr Blood Cancer
Refereed DesignationRefereed