Implementing the psychosocial standards in pediatric cancer: Current staffing and services available

TitleImplementing the psychosocial standards in pediatric cancer: Current staffing and services available
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsScialla, M. A., Canter K. S., Chen F. F., Kolb E. A., Sandler E., Wiener L., & Kazak A. E.
JournalPediatric blood & cancer
Volume64
Issue11
Date Published2017 Nov
ISSN1545-5017
KeywordsCancer Care Facilities; Child; Health Personnel; Humans; Neoplasms; Oncology Service, Hospital; pediatric oncology; Personnel Staffing and Scheduling; Prognosis; psychosocial; standards of care
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fifteen evidence-based Standards for Psychosocial Care for Children with Cancer and Their Families (Standards) were published in 2015. The Standards cover a broad range of topics and circumstances and require qualified multidisciplinary staff to be implemented. This paper presents data on the availability of psychosocial staff and existing practices at pediatric oncology programs in the United States, providing data that can be used to advocate for expanded services and prepare for implementation of the Standards.
PROCEDURE: Up to three healthcare professionals from 144 programs (72% response rate) participated in an online survey conducted June-December 2016. There were 99 pediatric oncologists with clinical leadership responsibility (Medical Director/Clinical Director), 132 psychosocial leaders in pediatric oncology (Director of Psychosocial Services/Manager/most senior staff member), and 58 administrators in pediatric oncology (Administrative Director/Business Administrator/Director of Operations). The primary outcomes were number and type of psychosocial staff, psychosocial practices, and identified challenges in the delivery of psychosocial care.
RESULTS: Over 90% of programs have social workers and child life specialists who provide care to children with cancer and their families. Fewer programs have psychologists (60%), neuropsychologists (31%), or psychiatrists (19%). Challenges in psychosocial care are primarily based on pragmatic issues related to funding and reimbursement.
CONCLUSION: Most participating pediatric oncology programs appear to have at least the basic level of staffing necessary to implement of some of the Standards. However, the lack of a more comprehensive multidisciplinary team is a likely barrier in the implementation of the full set of Standards.

DOI10.1002/pbc.26634
Alternate JournalPediatr Blood Cancer
Refereed DesignationRefereed