Impact of Psychosocial Risk on Outcomes among Families Seeking Treatment for Obesity

TitleImpact of Psychosocial Risk on Outcomes among Families Seeking Treatment for Obesity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsPhan, T. - L. T., Chen F. F., Pinto A. T., Cox C., Robbins J., & Kazak A. E.
JournalThe Journal of pediatrics
Date Published2018 Jul
KeywordsAttrition; Behavior; Weight

OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that children with elevated psychosocial risk would have increased attrition and worse weight outcomes in weight management treatment.
STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study of 100 new patients, aged 4-12 years, in a weight management clinic. Parents completed the Psychosocial Assessment Tool. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to calculate the odds of attrition from the clinic and a nonmeaningful change in body mass index (BMI) z-score (ie, <0.1 unit decrease in BMI z-score) over a 6-month period based on psychosocial risk category, adjusting for child demographics and baseline weight category.
RESULTS: The majority of patients were male (59%), black (36%) or white (43%), and had severe obesity (55%), and 59% of families were categorized as having moderate or high psychosocial risk. Over the 6-month period, 53% of families were lost to follow-up, and 67% did not have a clinically meaningful decrease in BMI z-score. Compared with children of families with low psychosocial risk, children of families with moderate or high psychosocial risk were 3.1 times (95% CI, 1.3-7.2 times) more likely to be lost to follow-up and 2.9 times (95% CI, 1.1-7.9 times) more likely to have a non-clinically meaningful change in BMI z-score.
CONCLUSIONS: Children presenting with increased psychosocial risk have higher attrition and poorer weight outcomes, supporting the need for psychosocial screening as a standard component of pediatric weight management treatment.

Alternate JournalJ. Pediatr
Refereed DesignationRefereed