Sonographic spinal imaging of normal anatomy, pathology and magnetic growing rods in children.

TitleSonographic spinal imaging of normal anatomy, pathology and magnetic growing rods in children.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMeyers, A. B., Chandra T., & Epelman M.
JournalPediatric radiology
Volume47
Issue9
Pagination1046-1057
Date Published2017 Aug
ISSN1432-1998
KeywordsHumans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Lumbosacral Region; Magnetics; Prostheses and Implants; Scoliosis; Spinal Diseases; Ultrasonography
Abstract

The wide availability of ultrasound, along with its lack of ionizing radiation burden and need for sedation for most exams, often make sonography the first line in the imaging evaluation of children. The developing osseous anatomy of the spine in young infants provides a distinct window allowing for a detailed depiction of the spinal canal and its contents, which is not present in older children or adults. Here we review the clinical indications, sonographic technique, normal anatomy and pathology for imaging the lumbosacral spine in neonates and young infants. Additionally, we review the procedure for ultrasound assessment of the lengthening of magnetically controlled growing spinal rods, which allows orthopedists and radiologists to evaluate the effectiveness of distraction procedures of this hardware without the use of ionizing radiation.

DOI10.1007/s00247-017-3845-6
Alternate JournalPediatr Radiol