Retrospective comparison of gradient recalled echo R2* and spin-echo R2 magnetic resonance analysis methods for estimating liver iron content in children and adolescents

TitleRetrospective comparison of gradient recalled echo R2* and spin-echo R2 magnetic resonance analysis methods for estimating liver iron content in children and adolescents
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSerai, S. D., Fleck R. J., Quinn C. T., Zhang B., & Podberesky D. J.
JournalPediatric radiology
Volume45
Issue11
Pagination1629-34
Date Published2015 Oct
ISSN1432-1998
KeywordsAdolescent; Adolescents; Algorithms; Chelation Therapy; Child; Child, Preschool; children; Echo-Planar Imaging; Female; Humans; Image Enhancement; Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted; Iron concentration; Iron Overload; Liver; Liver Diseases; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Male; Molecular Imaging; Reproducibility of Results; Retrospective Studies; Sensitivity and Specificity; Young Adult
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Serial surveillance of liver iron concentration (LIC) provides guidance for chelation therapy in patients with iron overload. The diagnosis of iron overload traditionally relies on core liver biopsy, which is limited by invasiveness, sampling error, cost and general poor acceptance by pediatric patients and parents. Thus noninvasive diagnostic methods such as MRI are highly attractive for quantification of liver iron concentration.
OBJECTIVE: To compare two MRI-based methods for liver iron quantification in children.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 studies on 48 children and young adults (age range 4-21 years) were examined by gradient recalled echo (GRE) R2* and spin-echo R2 MRI at 1.5T to evaluate liver iron concentration. Scatter plots and Bland-Altman difference plots were generated to display and assess the relationship between the methods.
RESULTS: With the protocols used in this investigation, Bland-Altman agreement between the methods is best when LIC is <20 mg/g dry tissue. Scatter plots show that all values with LIC <20 mg/g dry tissue fall within the 95% prediction limits.
CONCLUSION: Liver iron concentration as determined by the R2* and R2 MR methods is statistically comparable, with no statistical difference between these methods for LIC <20 mg/g.

DOI10.1007/s00247-015-3378-9
Alternate JournalPediatr Radiol
Refereed DesignationRefereed