Magnetic resonance imaging of acquired disorders of the pediatric female pelvis other than neoplasm

TitleMagnetic resonance imaging of acquired disorders of the pediatric female pelvis other than neoplasm
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsCox, M., Gould S. W., Podberesky D. J., & Epelman M.
JournalPediatric radiology
Volume46
Issue6
Pagination806-17
Date Published2016 May
ISSN1432-1998
KeywordsAcquired disorders; Child; children; Female; Genital Diseases, Female; Genitalia, Female; Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Pelvis
Abstract

Transabdominal US remains the primary screening imaging modality of the pediatric female pelvis. However, MRI has become an invaluable adjunct to US in recent years. MRI offers superb soft-tissue contrast resolution that allows for detailed evaluation, particularly of the ovaries and their associated pathology. MRI can yield diagnostic information that is similar to or even better than that of US, especially in nonsexually active girls in whom transvaginal US would be contraindicated. MRI is generally a second-line examination and is preferred over CT because it does not involve the use of ionizing radiation. MRI might be underutilized in this population, particularly in differentiating surgical from nonsurgical conditions. This article reviews the relevant anatomy and discusses imaging of acquired conditions that involve the pediatric female genital tract, illustrating associated pathology with case examples.

DOI10.1007/s00247-016-3595-x
Alternate JournalPediatr Radiol
Refereed DesignationRefereed