Prevalence and patterns of scoliosis in children with multiple pterygium syndrome

TitlePrevalence and patterns of scoliosis in children with multiple pterygium syndrome
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsJoo, S., Rogers K. J., Donohoe M., King M. M., & Kumar S. J.
JournalJournal of pediatric orthopedics
Date Published2012 Mar
KeywordsAbnormalities, Multiple; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Malignant Hyperthermia; Prevalence; Retrospective Studies; Scoliosis; Skin Abnormalities; Spinal Cord; Spine

BACKGROUND: Although scoliosis is a predominant feature of multiple pterygium syndrome (MPS), the pattern of deformity and the progression of the curvature have not been well described. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of scoliosis among patients with MPS, and to characterize the abnormalities of the vertebrae and to assess the progression of the scoliosis.
METHODS: From 1969 to 2008, we identified 19 patients with MPS but only 16 patients (8 boys and 8 girls) had complete data. Medical records and radiographs of these 16 patients were reviewed. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 8 patients to evaluate intraspinal anomalies. Functional mobility score was used to assess the ambulatory ability.
RESULTS: Of 16 patients, 13 patients (81.3%) had scoliosis. The mean age when the scoliosis was first noticed was 3.3±2.6 years (range, 1 mo to 8.2 y). The mean Cobb angle at first visit was 37.4±18.1 degrees (range, 14.0 to 75.0 degrees). With a mean follow-up of 4.0±4.9 years, the Cobb angle at the last visit was 43.3±19.1 degrees (range, 20.0 to 72.0 degrees). Congenital scoliosis was observed in 7 patients (3 unilateral unsegmented bar, 3 fusion of the cervical spine, 1 block vertebrae), whereas neuromuscular scoliosis was observed in 1 patient. A common radiographic finding was narrowing of the intervertebral disc space with decreased height of vertebrae in the thoracic area. Intraspinal anomalies were seen in 4 patients (3 tethered spinal cords, 1 syrinx). At the last follow-up, 5 of 13 patients who had scoliosis were able to walk at school without assistance (Functional mobility scale-500 ≥5).
CONCLUSIONS: Scoliosis is common among children with MPS. It is frequently accompanied by fusion of the cervical area. Intraspinal anomalies such as tethered cord syndrome and syringomyelia are common associated anomalies. Therefore, it is important to look for intraspinal anomalies. Closed monitoring of the patient's ambulatory ability and bowel and bladder continence is also needed.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Diagnostic Study.

Alternate JournalJ Pediatr Orthop
Refereed DesignationRefereed